Translated by: Kristi Gadeshi –
Corruption is increasing in Albania, while our country continues to have problems with democratic governance and judicial independence. The latest report by the Freedom House organization, “Nations in Transit 2013” shows a decrease of main indicators of democracy in Albania. Regarding corruption, Albania has decreased while the report emphasizes the results still weak due to lack of political will and institutional unstrengthening.
Similarly, the report raises concern about the increasing incidence of impunity in cases of high level corruption and lack of inspections in the educational system, recalling the falsification scandal.
As for democratic governance at the central level, the organization considers the renewal in 2012, the year of consolidation of the government of Prime Minister Sali Berisha and the DP, after institutional conflict of 2011, which allowed the government to sack the head of his opponents from key posts and to replace them with his elect. But meanwhile the overall economic indicators according to the report, declined as a result of efforts to privatize key companies and the weakening of foreign direct investments.
Despite the independence of the judiciary index remained unchanged, the report raises concerns that FH judicial institutions in Albania continue to suffer from political pressure and interference. Some judicial reform passed in 2012, but strengthening the courts remains weak, particularly state institutions, “the report said, who recalled that the motives and perpetrators of the murder of judge Skerdilajd Konomi in Vlora remain unknown.
Regarding electoral processes, the FH report notes the lack of involvement of small parties in the Election Code changes and not reforming the legislation despite calls by international bodies.
The report also estimates that the civil sector continues to be relatively weak in some areas and could affect the decision. Also unions are weak and the authorities face pressure private companies. However, the report noted some signs of increasing civic engagement throughout 2012, with protests of the persecuted and campaign against the import.
Just as the civil society index it for media freedom remains unchanged, with a stable political environment in 2012, where there were no serious confrontations between authorities and journalists. The report also mentions the abolition of imprisonment for the offense of defamation, while mentioning the removal of the only international group of media in Albania, the German WAZ.
In general the report notes that there is a tough political climate in Albania, which has worsened since the 2009 elections. According to the organization’s harsh rhetoric has strongly influenced the political and institutional developments in the country.
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