Almost all businesses in the southeastern city do not issue buyers the tax bill even though they are equipped with fiscal cash register. The association gives alarm to increase businesses that operate informally. Albert Nasto: During the first 3 months have been closed eight thousand small businesses from unfair competition
By Dhorjela Çule
One of the most serious lesions that Albanian state budget suffers is informality. In the private sector this problem is intertwined with corruption causing old problem despite austerity measures imposed by law to be a vicious circle without beginning or end. Business type classifications, changes in the timing of payment of duties and taxes of business and other divisions repeatedly are made by the legislator to combat informality and to leave less space abuses which actually are a pyramid farce. One of the most common forms of informality is the failure of the business with the tax authorities, which reflects its effects directly in the state budget but also indirectly in other sectors.
In the region of Korca are currently 4578 small and service businesses registered, but operate on the market so abusive having pocketed a tidy profit, and throwing the great over the respect of law . Lacking a fair competition, not treat everyone as equal before the rule of law, business owners try to find mechanisms to avoid their obligations somewhere through the friendship, knowledge, bribery by political influences. In the region of Korca rare are the cases when you get a regular bill from grocery store where you do the daily shopping, the dentist, the restaurant or bar where you drink coffee every day. Despite the turnover of these businesses range from 2-8 million per year every business has found the solution to operate on the street informally. At the grocery store where you find every article there are citizens who buy up another 10 000 daily consumer goods but in no case receive a tax receipt. Almost in every corner, on the ground floor of every building there is a shop where the seller gives you such as an invoice list of items to buy at the price listed beside it all handwritten and keeps on the table, holding cash as a relic.
The same situation applies in premises where to consume coffee or any other beverage, but here is more sophisticated informality as given customer bills not completed in handwriting but inferred by computer. On receipt you can find everything ranging from waiter name, date, time, but nowhere near the amount of TVSH or other elements of the tax Vouchers .Most of the bars suffice voucher stating 1/2 of sales volume, which according to experts is translated into million of lek taxes less in a year .An important role in this mechanism play accounting experts who follow step by step the performance of the business, goods purchases and sales invoice by invoice reconciliation of which should correspond to escape fines .
Near the Regional Tax in Korce monitoring of businesses is made by 13 inspectors and according the data in this circuit 93% of businesses is resulting equipped with fiscal case. “Verification of the use of fiscal device is considered a priority of this department to registered businesses but continuous monitoring of all the territory which covers DRT Korca that is currently impossible as for territorial expansion and also the small number of inspectors who cover these areas “, said the employees of this department. Real way the work of inspectors probe those who want to respect the law by paying to the last penny of their obligations while businesses remain calm on the side without worrying about tax.
Without wanting to become public, traders and some grocery stores show that to them constantly are exercised continuous controls checks and inspectors are highly attentive to find the error and to be fined. According to them, they come with pre-prepared list of names of businesses or natural persons who are taxpayers and launch controls while they claim they can not perform checks to entities which are not registered anywhere closing one eye where they want and doing eyes four on them to justify the work. According to data of June from the DRT of Korce ,336 checks were conducted, 13 cases with findings, 11 of which fines in the total value of 492,910 Lek and 2 seizures of goods for the purpose of expiry. As a result of the state budget in addition to the taxes that these upholders of the law give each month they were added several million lek from their mistakes or abuses.But what happens with informal? The owner of a small grocery store in the neighborhood 15 of Korca city he says with difficulty managed to draw a monthly salary by trading food items. “Nor it comes to pay taxes . My profit per month does not exceed 30 000 lek. Normally if I would pay the tax , insurance, taxes to revenue department of the municipality, not only remains anything but I should put by my pocket,”says the businesswoman.
Small and medium Business Association raises alarm that every day more are added businesses operating in the informal market, which makes those who pay taxes and not be able to face the competition and declare closure or suspension of the activity. Just a year ago they have been closed about 22,000 businesses nationwide and informality continues to be high percentage. The alarm was given by the head of the Small and medium Business Association Albert Nasto, according to him, by 2013 small and medium business in Albania is facing a severe crisis and the many difficulties which are reflected closing and mass suspensions of activity. ” Small business has long been in inherent informality concern and tax evasion. Now that we are talking informality continues to flourish and is in the degree of 60-65% .There are 23 years of democracy, 23 years of business activities and informality although in small fluctuations it continues to be in scary figures .This informality makes it impossible to business survival. We are talking to businesses that not only pay taxes but also employ people and there are about 160 thousand small businesses in Albania. With a simple calculation at least 300 thousand households ensure their income through small business employment, “says Nasto.
The head of the Small and medium Association notes that during 2013 in Albania have gone bankrupt about 30% of small businesses, a figure which has not changed in 2014. According to him the informality that is continuing in frightening figures is the biggest threat of business. According to him, over the years is not taken any measures to address this concern. “Absolutely no attempt has been made since every day it follows bankruptcy .Until now we are very unhappy from the local government and central government. We have continuously received promises but no one has been implemented. From our records not only informality is decreasing but is booming. Not seeing any action on the part of the Directorate General of Taxation or othewr instances . We see is ‘lukewarm’ work. From the beginning of the year it appears that more businesses are closed than opened. It is at least 8 thousand small businesses that have been closed within the first three months in the country. In addition, tax cuts by the government confronts the local government that has raised taxes by 1 to 6 times. It does not help small businesses but need urgently to formalize the Albanian economy, “added Nasto. He stresses that businesses should be registered because this evasion, this unfair competition, this informality in large numbers is hurting in mass businesses
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