Due to fear the women withdraw from the judgment of their case, in over 70 per cent of the cases the victims of the domestic violence are not supported by a defense lawyer. Specialists: The free legal protection would have highly decreased the number of cases ceased in the courts and would have affected in taking effective measures for the victims of violence.
By Telnis Skuqi
SARANDË – She had a dream to live and be happy with her children. Suddenly she gives an end to her life as she could not endure any more the violence of her husband, by hanging herself in her dwelling. This happened three years ago in Saranda town, in the quarter No. 4. Before the suicide, the mother of three children had left a farewell letter explaining in details the suicide act. “I want to live quiet in the next would, as this one let me down”, had written the victim in her letter.
During the two last decades the cases of the domestic violence have been considerably increased in Saranda town. Cajup K., specialist in crime prevention in Saranda Commissariat says that during the last year there have been denounced 40 cases of the domestic violence. “The domestic violence is a widespread phenomenon in Saranda town. The situation seems to be worrying during the last years. There have also been cases where the violence has ended to suicides for weak reasons”, expresses Cajup, adding that the domestic violence does have two factors: economical and social.
Cajup tells about the last case, where an 80 years old woman was physically violated by her daughter, and moreover the elderly lady was also blooded with strong items (knife). To him this is an unprecedented case. In Saranda town the relations between mother and daughter are usually harmonious. This case obliged the police to intervene, and they considered the case as worrying. Thanks to the decision of the First Instance Court the situation turned to the normal, whereas the aggressor will not have the right to approach to the victim’s dwelling that is her mother. Such extreme practices have been used even in other cases, but there have also been cases where the denouncement has been withdrawn. Often, the violators express regret, whereas the victims (the women) forgive them, but after that it happens again and you are frightened on the aftermaths”, says Cajup.
Times ago, in Saranda district, the violence was an isolated phenomenon, this due to the educational level. During the last 25 years Sranda have been overpopulated due to the demographic movement. Valbona Duri, professor of the human geography at the Gjirokastra University “Eqrem Cabej” says that in general the southerners solve the family conflicts within the house, but “when the rise cannot absorb water any more” they direct their concern to the specialized institutions.
Totally the contrary happens with the newcomers, who think that the conflict within the family can be solved by force. “Unfortunately, these cases have had a tragic end. Three years ago, a woman committed suicide from her husband in her dwelling, whereas in Ksamil town, some 7 km away from Saranda, the husband hit four times with an axe due to jealousy his wife, mother of five children”, says Duri, while assessing as positive the law “On measures for the violence in the family relations”, which has entered into power on 18 December 2006. Furthermore, the professor points out that the cases of the domestic violence have been prevented by the police, giving the possibility to the women to keep at distance their “aggressive” men. “Violence intensifies if there are not taken any measures to change the situation”, says Duri, adding that no one deserves to be abused either verbally or physically, independently of his economic and social status.
Lumturi Xhani, coordinator of the women association “Jona”, located in Saranda, makes known that during 2014, the number of violated women has been increased more than 90% compared to 2013. “Out of 27 cases that have been registered in 2013, in 2014 there have been denounced 48 cases, out of which 8 cases were solved by our association”, expresses Xhani, highlighting that the domestic violence has existed since many years ago, but nowadays there is a reaction of the violated women to be protected from the violator. Xhani specifies that since there was approved the law on the protection of the women from the violence, the justice system has played a positive role by increasing the number of the denouncements and it has also refrained considerably the domestic violence.
“The case of Ksamil came as ‘a lightening in the open sky’, because the unlucky woman did not dare to denounce the violence at the police station, but found as a solution the suicide. If she had denounced, nowadays that lady would have enjoyed her children”, expresses Xhani. According to her, men that violate the mothers of their children do have problems with alcohol and gambling. “The majority of the violators have eight-grade education, but there are also cases of well educated men. In fact, the domestic violence exists more in the rural areas (villages), even though there do not lack such cases even in the town”, underlines Xhani. She further adds that despite the fact that the domestic violence is more present in the relationship between the couples, former husbands, cohabitants, it is also present in the relationship between former co-inhabitants, parent/child, daughter in law/ mother in law, son in law/ mother in law, sister in law, former sister in law, grandfather/grandson, among brothers, uncle/nephew.
According to the statistics of the Saranda District Court, out of the 40 cases denounced by women, in 74.1% the violators are their husbands, 17% the former husbands, whereas 9.9% are the former co-inhabitants. Related to the decisions on ceasing the proceeding of the cases having as their subject the releasing of the immediate order of “the protection order”, results that out of 40 cases, 60.9% are ceased due to the fact that the denouncers have withdrawn the case. Representatives of this court say that offering the legal protection for free for the victims of the domestic violence is not a right that the victims enjoy during the process of requesting protection from the domestic violence.
The victims of the domestic violence are not supported by a defense lawyer in 70.7% of the cases. “We think that the lack of free legal support makes up one of the main barriers on the progress of an effective court trial for the victims of violence who are left alone and without legal protection. We think that the support with a free defense lawyer will increasingly affect on the decrease of the cases that are ceased in the courts, in the effective measure-taking process and in respecting the short timelines on such judgment”, is expressed the coordinator of the “Jona” women association, Lumturi Xhani. During the last years, the denouncement of the domestic violence has been widespread in the whole country. According to the data of the Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth during the 2014 there have been denounced 690 new cases of the domestic violence.
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